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Orders and requests

October 4, 2012

1. Demander à quelqu’un de faire quelque, donner un ordre.

To ask someone to do something, to give an order, you can use :

A. The imperative mood.
The imperative mood is formed by taking the corresponding forms of the present indicative, but without subject pronouns.
→ With the “tu” form of -ER verbs (+ aller) and verbs like “ouvrir”, the final -s is removed.

Écoutez  la question ! (Listen to the question ! सवाल सुनिए !)

Va à la bibliothèque ! (Go to the library ! पुस्तकालय जाओ !)

Ouvre la porte ! (Open the door !  दरवाज़ा खोलो !)

See post  :  L’impératif

B. The near future.

Vous allez répondre à la question.
You are going to answer the question.

Tu vas faire tes devoirs.
You are going to do your homework.

See post : Le futur proche

2. Faire une requête, demander poliment

A. … quelque chose.

To make a request, to ask politely something, you can use “aimer” or “vouloir” in the conditional mood :

  • je voudrais / j’aimerais = I would like

+ NOUN : J’aimerais/Je voudrais un café. (I would like a coffee.)
+ INFINITIVE VERB : J’aimerais/Je voudrais vous poser une question. (I would like to ask you a question.)

B. … à quelqu’un de faire quelque chose.

To make a request, to ask politely someone to do something, you can use :

  • the verb “vouloir” in the indicative present paired with the adverb “bien” :

Vous voulez bien m’aider, s’il vous plaît ?
Do you mind helping me, please ?

  • the verb “pouvoir” in the conditional mood :

Vous pourriez répéter, s’il vous plaît ?
Could you repeat, please ?

  • the verb “vouloir” in the imperative mood + the action verb :

Veuillez fermer la porte, s’il vous plaît.
Please, shut the door.

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