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Les groupes de verbes

September 19, 2012

French verbs are divided into 3 groups according to the ending of their infinitive form and the regularity of their conjugation pattern. 

A verb can be divided into a STEM (called “radical” in French) and an ENDING (called “terminaison” in French). The stem indicates which verb it is, while the ending indicates the mood, the tense, the person and the number.

  • Ex : parler → radical = parl- ; terminaison = -er
  • Ex : parles → radical = parl- ; terminaison = -es

Hindi verbs can also be divided into a stem and an ending :

  • Ex : बोलना (bolnâ) → radical =  बोल- (bol-) ; terminaison = -ना (-nâ)
  • Ex : बोलते (bolte) → radical = बोल- (bol-) ; terminaison = -ते (-te)

Are considered regular verbs (“verbes réguliers“), verbs which stem is fixed for all the conjugations. Verbs which stem goes through many modifications are considered irregular verbs (“verbes irréguliers“).

1) Premier groupe : les verbes réguliers en -er

Verbs with an infinitive ending in -er belong to the first group (excepted “aller” which belongs to the 3rd group). Those verbs are regular.

This group is the biggest and contains some 6000 verbs.  Most of the new verbs are added to this group.

See post : “Les verbes réguliers en -er

2) Deuxième groupe : les verbes réguliers en -ir

Verbs from this group have an infinitive form ending in -ir and follow a regular conjugation.

Not all verbs in -ir belong to this group !!

The second group contains some 300 verbs.

See post : “Les verbes réguliers en -ir

3) Troisième groupe : les verbes irréguliers

The 3rd group contains all the other verbs. Those verbs are irregular. They can be divided into 3 sub-groups :

  • verbs ending in –ir
  • verbs ending in –oir
  • verbs ending in –re

The 3rd group contains some 350 verbs. No new verb is being added to it.

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