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La lettre “G”

September 17, 2012

In French the letter “G” is pronounced in two different ways :

1) As /ɡ/ (ग)…

  • …in front of a consonant, like in  “grammaire” or “gloire”.
  • in front of the vowels “a“, “o“, “u“, like in “garçon”, “goût” or “aigu”.

2) As /ʒ/ (like the French letter “J”)…

  • in front of the vowels “e“, “i” and “y“, like in “âge”, “magie” or “gymnastique”.

3) Special cases :

  • When the letter “G” comes in front of “a“, “o“, or “u” but has to be pronounced as   /ʒ/ a “e” is added :

Ex : Georges, nous mangeons etc.

  • When the letter “G” comes in front of “e” or “i” but has to be pronounced as /ɡ/ a “u” is added :

Ex : guerre (war), guide etc.

GN” is pronounced /ɲ/ like in “Espagne” or “champagne”.

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