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L’ALPHABET

August 7, 2012

The French alphabet is similar to the English alphabet. Both are based on the Latin alphabet (also called Roman alphabet) :

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

आ  बे  से  दे  अ  ऐफ़  *जे  आश  ई  *जी  का  ऐल  ऐम  ऐन  ओ  पे  *कु  *ऐर  ऐस  ते  *उ  वे  दूब्ल वे  इक्स  ई ग्रैक  ज़ैद

*the hindi script is not rendering the actual pronunciation of those characters. Therefore it’s very important to listen to the video below. (For example the actual pronunciation of “R” is more similar to ग़  than to र)

However, the French alphabet includes some specific characters. Diacritical signs are added above or below certain letters. Those signs when added above “a”, “i”, “o”, “u” don’t change the original pronunciation of the letter :

Accent aigu – Acute accent Accent grave – Grave accent Accent circonflexe – Circumflex accent Tréma – Trema Cédille – Cedilla

é

café

(coffee) काफ़े

è

mère

(mother) मैर

ê

fenêtre

(window) फ़नैत्र

ë

Noël (Christmas) नोऐल

ç

français (French)

फ़्राँसै

à

à

(preposition) आ

â

pâte

(pasta) पात

ï

maïs

(corn) माईस

ù

(where) ऊ

û

goût

(taste) गू

ô

hôpital

(hospital) ओपिताल

î

île

(island) इल

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Apart from the diacritical signs, the French alphabet also includes ligatures (two letters are joined) :

  • œ : sœur (sister) सर, cœur (heart) कर
  • æ:  ex æquo (latin expression meaning: equally placed) ऐक्सैकूओ

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To learn with songs :

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