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Quelqu’un/quelque chose (someone/something)

January 25, 2012

The words in French for “someone” is “quelqu’un” and the word for “something” is “quelque chose“.

In a negative sentence, the words for “nobody” is “personne” and the word for “nothing” is “rien“.

Look at the examples below :

Je veux manger quelque chose.

Je ne veux rien manger.

I want to eat something.

I don’t want to eat anything.

मैं कुछ खाना चाहता हूँ।

मैं कुछ नहीं खाना चाहता हूँ।

Quelque chose est tombé.

Rien n’est tombé.

Something fell.

Nothing fell.

कुछ गिर गया।

कुछ नहीं गिरा।

Viens avec quelque chose !

Ne viens avec rien !

Come with something !

Come with nothing !

Je veux rencontrer quelqu’un.

Je ne veux rencontrer personne.

I want to meet someone.

I don’t want to meet anyone.

मैं किसी से मिलना चाहता हूँ।

मैं किसी से मिलना नहीं चाहता।

Quelqu’un est tombé.

Personne n’est tombé.

Someone fell.

Nobody fell.

कोई गिर गया।

कोई नहीं गिरा।

Parle à quelqu’un !

Ne parle à personne !

Talk to someone !

Don’t talk to anybody !

As you can see, if “ne” is present in all the negative sentences, “pas” is not.

“Personne” and “rien” can be subject of the sentence. When it is the case, the sentence starts like that : “Personne/rien ne….”

“Personne” and “rien” can also come after a preposition : “Ne viens avec rien !” “Parle à quelqu’un !”

“Ne…rien”, like “ne…pas” , is usually placed around the conjugated verb itself (so the second term of the negation comes before any infinitive verb or any participle) :

  • Il n’a rien fait.
  • Il ne veut rien faire.

But “personne” will come at the end of the verbal locution :

  • Il n’a rencontré personne.
  • Il ne veut rencontrer personne.

The negative pronoun “personne” should not be confused with the common noun “une personne“, which can appear in any sentence, affirmative or negative.

  • La personne n’a pas rappelé. The person did not call back.
  • Tu connais cette personne ? Do you know this person ?

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