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Noms de villes et de pays (names of countries and cities)

October 22, 2011

1) Féminin ou masculin ?

  • Cities don’t have a gender.
  • All countries (regions and continents) ending with -e are feminine (Excepted the followings which are masculine : Mexique, Zaïre, Cambodge, Mozambique, Zimbabwe) . Other are masculine.

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2) Article ou pas d’article ?

  • With names of cities : no article.

Ex : Paris est une très belle ville. (Paris is a beautiful city.)

  • With names of countries (regions and continents) : usually, definite article.

Ex : La France est un pays très touristique. (France is a very touristic country.)

3) Quelle préposition ?

  • With verbs like “être”, “habiter”, “aller” etc. [in/to] :
    • …and with names of cities :à” without article.

Ex : Elle habite à Nice.

Ex : Il va à Delhi.

    • and with masculine names of countries starting with a consonant : “à” + definite article.

Ex : Il est né au Portugal. [à + le]

Ex : Ils habitent aux États-Unis. [à + les]

    • and with feminine nouns of countries and masculine nouns starting with a vowel : “en” without article.

Ex : Il habite en Inde. (f)

Ex : Elle est née en France. (f)

Ex: Il va en Iran. (m)

  • With verbs like “venir”, “arriver” etc. [from] :
    • and with names of cities : “de” without article.

Ex : Marco vient de Rome.

    • …and with masculine names of countries : “de” + definite article.

Ex : Il arrive du Pakistan. [de + le]

Ex : Elle vient des États-Unis. [de + les]

    • …and with feminine names of countries : “de” without article.

Ex : Il vient de Pologne. [de + Ø] !!!

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ONLINE EXERCISES

  1. Select the right preposition.
  2. Fill up the blank with the right preposition.
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